5 Vaping Facts You Should Know

What is vaping?

Vaping is the process of heating cannabis concentrate or dry flower into a smokeless vapor that activates the compounds of the Cannabis Sativa plant, and its subsequent health benefits

The growing popularity of vaping comes from its consistent doses, easy to use functionality and portability. Research also indicates that vaping may be healthier than traditional smoking methods.

According to this study, UCSF researchers found: “A smokeless cannabis-vaporizing device delivers the same level of active therapeutic chemical and produces the same biological effect as smoking cannabis, but without the harmful toxins.” 

Vaping is another way for you to personalize and customize your cannabis experience, but before you try it, here are five vaping facts you should know:

Vaping facts

1. There are different types of vaping devices 

 When it comes to how you want to vape, your options are not limited. Vaporizers come in tabletop, portable and pen form. 

If you want to be as discreet and you are interested in consuming cannabis distillates and oils, then the premium vape pen is perfect for you. As the vaping industry continues to grow, so do vape pens and your options to customize. No matter your preference for buttons or shape, all vape pens will include a battery and cartridge.

Tabletop vaporizers are great for anyhome setup because they’re stationary and require a solid surface. While styles vary, every tabletop vaporizer will feature a dial to regulate the burning temperature, a chamber for the cannabis, a heating element and a mouthpiece attachment. Some tabletop vaporizers include a detachable bag to collect the vapor, while others will include a long tube that stays connected to the vaporizer.

Portable vaporizers operate similarly to tabletop vaporizers, but these devices are better for vaping on the go and the consumer who wants a hybrid experience where they can vape both dry herb and different concentrates. Portable vaporizers are discreet devices that include a chamber, heating element and a battery. 

2. You can vape oil and dry herb

Yes, you can vape both oil and dry herb. Although understanding the differences between the two is not only important for your cannabis experience, but also for what vaping device you decide to purchase. 

Most often, vape pens accommodate oil, tabletop vaporizers utilize dry herb and portable vaporizers are equipped for hybrid experiences. 

Dry herb is just the cured and dried plant matter that you would use for a joint, while vape oil is extracted and processed from the plant into a liquid oil substance for consumption. 

Vape oil is usually cut with other substances to enhance the vape experience and to create smoother draws, while dry herb is a pure representation of theCannabis Sativa plant. 

Here are a few ways the two different types will impact your vaping experience:

Battery life – Dry herb vapes have a shorter battery life because it takes more power to heat the chamber and herb than it does to heat an oil cartridge. For instance, an 1100 mAh battery would be enough to power a vape pen, but it would not be enough to power a dry herb vaporizer.

Loading process – Dry herb vapes require you to load and clean the chamber each vaping session, while vape pens come with cartridges that can be prefilled for several consecutive uses. Although vape pen cartridges don’t last as long and burn out. 

Versatility – Dry herb vaporizers are only meant to vape flower, while vape pens can sometimes allow different attachments for several types of concentrates because of their universal 510 battery.

3. Not all vape pens are created equal

In the unregulated cannabis industry not all vape pens are created equal. When you’re purchasing a vape pen, there are several things to be mindful of to ensure a high-quality product. 

Air Intake– Low-quality vape pens situate the air intake at the bottom of the device, which means the air must pass through the entire electronic makeup before even reaching the cannabis oil. This puts the consumer at risk forheavy metal exposure. Instead, high-quality vape pen manufacturers, likeVessel, created a design that positions the air intake at the top of the device so, it only interacts with the vapor from the cartridge when the oil is heated. 

Air flow – A high-functioning and modern vape will allow the consumer to customize their experience through adjustable airflow and temperature functions. 

Smart TechnologyModern brands are utilizing smart technology to improve battery power and life. This means the pen automatically turns off and integrates overuse protection. Brands likeVessel even incorporate a charging cutoff switch once the battery is at charge capacity for “more performance and greater efficiency.”

4. Vaping at different temperatures changes your high

The Cannabis Sativa plant contains at least 400 different chemical compounds, and each of these compounds has varying properties and boiling points. So when you heat cannabis to a certain temperature, the trichomes begin to melt, which then activates different psychoactive and medicinal compounds, like THC, CBD and terpenes. The activated chemicals and subsequent effects all depend on the heat applied. 

Low-temperature vaporization (290-330°F) will mildly induce THC and CBD to the point where you feel relaxed. This range is recommended for relieving stress and anxiety, improving mood and maintaining focus. 

Moderate-temperature vaporization (330-370°F) expresses most terpenes and cannabinoids, and induces the psychoactive experience associated with THC-potent products. This range is recommended for social gatherings. 

High-temperature vaporization (370-445°F) will not only induce the intense effects of the strain’s THC and CBD content, but also strains high in THCV. This temperature is recommended for help with sleep, pain relief and an intense high.

Here are the boiling-points of some of the most common cannabinoids:

  • THC: 314.6°F (THC-A 220°F)
  • CBD: 320°F (CBD-A 240°F)
  • CBN: 365°F
  • CBC: 365°F
  • THCV:428°F

5. Vaping at different temperatures activates different terpenes

Secreted from the same resin glands as cannabinoids, terpenes are another element of the Cannabis Sativa plant that activates when introduced to heat. Terpenes produce aromas that give cannabis strains their distinctive flavors.

Terpenes can also be found in other odorous plants since they originated as an adaptation to protect against predators and to attract pollinators.  

Beyond adaptive purposes, terpenes also contribute to the positive effects of cannabis. Similarly to aromatherapy, terpenes can help boost your physical and mental health when vaped to a certain temperature.

Here are the boiling-pointsof some of the most common terpenes:

  • Limonene: 350.6°F
  • Linalool: 388.4°F
  • Pinene: 312.8°F
  • Myrcene: 332.6°F

Limonene is found in citrus products and strains like Lemon Skunk that boost your mood, while linalool is associated with lavender and strains that help you relax. 

Terpenes also play an important role in the entourage effect, and enhancing the effects of THC and CBD. For instance, myrcene is a popular earthy terpene that helps increase the effects of THC.

The Bottomline:

As vaping’s popularity continues to skyrocket in the market, it’s important to understand vaping and its effects and support brands dedicated to transparency and you, the consumer. 

Medicinal Cannabis May Reduce Behavioral Problems in Kids with Intellectual Disabilities

Cannabidiol, a type of medicinal cannabis, may reduce severe behavioural problems in children and adolescents with an intellectual disability a new study has found. 

The pilot study, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, recorded a clinically significant change in participants’ irritability, aggression, self-injury, and yelling. The intervention was also found to be safe and well-tolerated by most study participants.

The randomised controlled trial involved eight participants, aged 8–16, years who took either cannabidiol or a placebo over eight weeks. Participants were recruited from paediatric clinics from both hospital and private paediatric practices.

Although the pilot study was not large enough to make definitive statements, the early findings strongly support a larger follow-up trial. 

The findings come as Federal Health Minister Greg Hunt announced MCRI would receive a $883,484 Medical Research Future Fund (MRFF) grant to conduct a large scale randomised placebo-controlled trial study to definitively test the findings as well as the cost-effectiveness of the treatment. 

Only a large scale randomised controlled trial can produce the definitive results necessary to drive changes in prescribing and clinical care guidelines.

Associate Professor Daryl Efron, a clinician-scientist at MCRI who led the study, said this was the first investigation of cannabidiol to manage severe behavioural problems in children and adolescents with an intellectual disability. Most of the participants also had autism.

The study found the medication was generally well-tolerated and there were no serious side effects reported. All parents reported they would recommend the study to families with children with similar problems.

Associate Professor Efron said severe behavioural problems such as irritability, aggression and self-injury in children and adolescents with an intellectual disability were a major contributor to functional impairments, missed learning opportunities and reduced quality of life.

Two per cent of children and adolescents have an intellectual disability and about half have mental health problems including many with severe behavioural problems.   

Associate Professor Efron said conventional psychotropic medications, including anti-psychotics and anti-depressants, were prescribed by Australian paediatricians for almost half of young people with an intellectual disability, despite limited evidence of their effectiveness. Given how extremely difficult behavioural problems were to treat in these patients, new, safer interventions were needed to treat this highly vulnerable patient group, he said.

“Current medications carry a high risk of side-effects, with vulnerable people with intellectual disability being less able to report side-effects,” he said. “Common side-effects of antipsychotics, such as weight gain and metabolic syndrome, have huge health effects for a patient group already at increased risk of chronic illness.”

Cannabidiol is already being used increasingly to manage a range of medical and psychiatric conditions in adults and epilepsy in children.  

Associate Professor Efron said there was intense interest from parents and physicians in medicinal cannabis as a treatment for severe behavioural problems in youth with an intellectual disability.  

“Parents of children with an intellectual disability and severe behavioural problems are increasingly asking paediatricians whether they can access medicinal cannabis for their child and some parents have reported giving unregulated cannabis products to their children,” he said. 

“We are also finding many physicians feel unprepared to have these conversations with their patients.”

Researchers from The Royal Children’s Hospital, the University of Melbourne and Monash University also contributed to the study. 

To get involved:
Anyone interested in registering their interest for the larger trial can email: mctrials@mcri.edu.au

Publication: Efron D, Freeman J L, Cranswick N, Payne J M, Mulraney M, Prakash C, Lee K J, Taylor K, Williams K. ‘A pilot randomised placebo-controlled trial of cannabidiol to reduce severe behavioural problems in children and adolescents with intellectual disability,’ British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.
DOI: 10.1111/bcp.14399

Available for interview: 
Associate Professor Daryl Efron

Media Contact: 
Bridie Byrne                                
MCRI communications specialist                 
+613 9936 6211 / 0403 664 416            
bridie.byrne@mcri.edu.au 
 
About MCRI
The Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) is the largest child health research institute in Australia committed to making discoveries and developing treatments to improve child and adolescent health in Australia and around the world. They are pioneering new treatments, trialling better vaccines and improving ways of diagnosing and helping sick babies, children and adolescents. It is one of the only research institutes in Australia to offer genetic testing to find answers for families of children with previously undiagnosed conditions.

Funding
The study was supported by an internal grant scheme available to employees of MCRI. This research received no specific grant from any external funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

This State Is Home To The Largest Marijuana Black Market

An increased tax on flower has forced legally operating dispensaries to increase their prices, which makes it hard for them to compete with the black market.

In California, medical marijuana has been legal since 1996. In 2018, recreational use became legal in the state as well. With that, the state became the largest legal marijuana market in the world, according to date from BDS Analytics.

Unfortunately, this isn’t the only way California tops the charts in the world of cannabis. The state also has the largest marijuana black market in the world.

The Numbers: Black Market Marijuana in California

In 2018, law enforcement officials in California reported destroying 1.6 million marijuana plants because they were illegally grown, according to The New York Times. What does this mean for the financials of the industry? Halfway through 2019, black market sales were projected to reach $8.7 billion in California, according to the LA Times. Meanwhile, legal sales were on track to reach a little over one third of that number at $3.1 billion.

The black market has a real cost for the state as a whole as well as for entrepreneurs in the industry. When California first legalized marijuana, tax revenue was predicted to reach $643 million during the first year of legal sales, according to BDS Analytics. In reality, the state only took in $345 million that year.

Take a look a MedMen as an example of how the illicit market is hurting dispensaries that are sticking with the legal route. By the time the second half of 2018 came around, this major retail chain was struggle to make ends meet. The reason? They couldn’t compete with the low prices being offered by illegal sellers. Meanwhile, other retailers report the frustration of competing with unlicensed dispensaries operating in plain sight. (Read Full Article)

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